NATURAL HISTORY AND PREHISTORIC ART
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5213. AN EXCEPTIONALLY LARGE MESOSAUR SKELETON. Mesosaurus brasiliensis. Permian, Brazil. The Mesosaurs were fast swimming predators which lived in fresh water, probably preying on small fish, insects and other aquatic invertebrates. They are found in Permian rocks in Brazil and South Africa, indicating that these two continents were joined at the time. The fossil measuring 18 inches in a 12 x 21 inch, 20 lb. matrix. Great detail with teeth and all digits showing. Some restoration to bones as usual. The skeletons normally found and available on the market are only 12 –16 inches long, however this one measures an amazing 29.5 inches along the backbone!
5214. A LARGE CAVE BEAR SKULL. Ursus spelaeus, Pleistocene, ca. 60,000 years. Eastern Europe. A large complete skull with all of the large teeth including the canines. This skull unusual in that the delicate interior honeycomb of the nasal bones is largely intact. The cave bear was the
largest of all bears and perhaps the most formidible of the ice-age megafauna faced by early man. Paleolithic
man certainly feared and apparently worshipped them as such skulls have been found on stone altars in
paleolithic caves such as Chauvet in the Ardeche. 11 x 11 x 19 inches. Some neat repair as usual mostly to the mandible.
5215. A CAVE BEAR SKULL, about 80,000 BC. Found in the Vadu Crisului Körösren cave in Romania. Only the upper part and the two laniary tooth have remained, but this example shows still the impressive size of these early hunters. 50 cm long and 18 cm high. No repairs.
5216. RARE FOSSIL SKULL OF MEGALOCEROS, Megaloceros giganteus, Pleistocene. The skull was found in Bensheim/Germany. Size of span from horn to horn is 70 cm (only parts of the horns are remaining, but still an impressive skull). Height is 23 cm. Megaloceros was a large elk common in Europe. It sported perhaps the largest antler rack of any of the deer family as can be seen in the massive antler bases of the current specimen and the model (not included).
5217. A SKULL OF AN STEPP BISON, Pleistocene, found in Germany. The span from horn to horn is 90 cm and the height is 19 cm. Complete with both horns though some repair to the horn tips.
5218. A LARGE FOOTPRINT OF A DINOSAUR, found in Hungary in the 70's. After the finding place the dinosaur get the name: KOMLOSAURUS CARBONIS (town name: Komlo). The description of the Dinosaur says: A Dinosaur of small size, tridactlylous, bipedal, with narrow and long toe prints and an elogate sole cast. Mecsek coal formation, Lower Triassic. A short scientific essay comes with the footprint (Hungarian/English). Size: 24 x 23 cm in a 37 x 34 cm large slate plate. Extremly rare.
5219. A CARNIVOROUS DINOSAUR FOOTPRINT, Jurassic, ca. 130 million years. The full footprint of a carnivorous Grallator sp. dinosaur in a 25lb. chunk of red shale. The footprint 4 x 5 inches. Outlined with removable black watercolor to bring out the photo.
5220. A LARGE MAMMOTH CHEEK TOOTH, about 15000 BC. The tooth is still in the jaw-bone. Found in Geinsheim, Germany. 29 cm length, 24 cm high. An impressive example.
5221. A MAMMOTH LEG BONE WITH JOINT. Pleistocene, ca. 50,000 years before present. 5.5 x 6 x 13.5 inches. The end of a leg bone with the joint. Excellent condition.
5222. A MAMMOTH LEG BONE WITH JOINT. Pleistocene, ca. 50,000 years before present. 4 x 5 x 9 inches. The end of a leg bone with the joint. Excellent condition.
5223. A MAMMOTH KNUCKLE BONE. Pleistocene, ca. 50,000 years before present. 4 x 4 x 5 inches. A complete foot bone with the joints. Excellent condition.
5224. A MAMMOTH KNEE JOINT BONE. Pleistocene, ca. 50,000 years before present. 7 x 7.5 x 9 inches. The large bone with the polished joint surface. Excellent condition. Fits into the one below.
5225. A MAMMOTH KNEE JOINT BONE. Pleistocene, ca. 50,000 years before present. 6 x 7.5 x 8 inches. The large bone with the polished joint surface. Excellent condition. Fits into the one above.
5226. A NEOLITHIC AXE. Eastern Europe, 4th-3rd millennium BC. White stone. 6.5 inches.
5227. A NEOLITHIC AXE. Eastern Europe, 4th-3rd millennium BC. Dark gray chip worked axe with partial polish. 6.5 inches. Chip to blade.
5228. A NEOLITHIC AXE. Eastern Europe, 4th-3rd millennium BC. Dark gray chip worked axe with fine polish. 4.75 inches.
5229. A NEOLITHIC KNIFE. Eastern Europe, 4th-3rd millennium BC. Gray chip worked knife with curved blade. 5.75 inches.
5230. A NEOLITHIC GRINDING STONE. Eastern Europe, Catacomb Burial Culture, 20th-17th century BC. Light gray discoidal grinding stone with indentations for finger grip. 3 x 1.2 inches.
5231. AN CATACOMB GRAVE CULTURE INCENSE BURNER. Eastern Europe, 20th-17th century BC. The incense burner in the form of a shallow dish on quadiform leg with interior divider, the rim and bottom with incised circles, dashes and rope designs. 6.5 x 2.5 inches. Cf. 'Treasures From Ukrainian Steppes', pg. 38, Toronto.
5232. AN EARLY BRONZE AGE POT. Eastern Europe, Yamnaya Culture, first half 4th-Mid 3rd millennium BC. The pointed bottom vessel with wide rim and numerous incised hatched designs. 4.6 x 5.5 inches. Professional repair.
5233. A LATE BRONZE AGE AXE. Eastern Europe, 16th 15th century BC. The heavy socketed bronze axe with reinforcing ridge. 4 inches. Rare type.
5234. A NOMADIC STEPPE PITCHER, ca. 9th-7th century BC. The crude, heavy walled vessel with single zoomorphic handle and incised bands. 5.25 inches.
5235. A VERY EARLY CUP, about 4000 BC, dark brown clay, ornamented with dots, lines and a zig-zag band. 8 cm high. Found in Denmark. A nice example of Neolithic pottery. Repaired from three shards. Very early and rare pottery.
5236. A VERY EARLY CUP, about 2500 BC, brown clay, ornamented with a band of dots, 3 small handles. Found in Alt-Toeplitz near Berlin. The cup shows a crack, but is stable. Small restoration at the rim but complete. A very early cup of the European Neolithic period. See Fruhformen Der Hausentwicklung In Deutschland, Werner Radig, for a discussion of the find site. 12 cm high, 11 cm in diameter.
5237. A NEOLITHIC AXE, about 4000 BC. The axe head is made of flint-stone and was found in the northern part of Germany. The wooden handle is an old museum replica but the axe head is genuine! Impressive weapon of the Neolithic period. 50 cm length overall, the head is 19 cm. Museum work was done in early 60's by the Natural History Museum of Oldernburg/Northern Germany.
5238. A NEOLITHIC AXE, about 4000 BC. The axe head is made of flint-stone and was found in Denmark. The wooden handle is an old museum replica but the axe head is genuine! Very interesting tool of the Neolithic period. 39 cm length overall, the head is 7 cm. Museum work was done in early 60's by the Natural History Museum of Oldernburg/Northern Germany.
5239. A SET OF NEOLITHIC ARROW HEADS, about 4000 BC. 21 arrow-heads in different shapes and sizes. All are made of flint-stone and are findings from different german places. Sizes between 1.5 cm and 6 cm. An interesting collection.
5240. A VERY RARE NEOLITHIC HAND MILL, about 3000 BC. The mill consists of two stones. In the middle of the stones is a hole for the axle and for filling in the grain. In the upper stone there is also a hole for the handle. Extremly rare item, found in south Germany. Intact, 18 cm in diameter.
5241. A NEOLITHIC GRINDING PLATE, found in Denmark, about 3500 BC. 30 cm long. Nice early tool. Intact.
5242. A NEOLITHIC NECKLACE, about 2500 BC. The necklace is made made of clay beads in different shapes. Found in southern Germany Length: 60 cm, intact.
5243. A RARE AND IMPORTANT NEOLITHIC DAGGER (co called "FISH-DAGGER"), made of flintstone. This very special type is only found in Northern Germany and Denmark. The stone grip of the dagger was formerly placed in a wooden grip. Length is 18 cm, width is 5,5 cm. A very nice and fine work, about 2000-1600 BC. Intact.
A two page scientific essay about a similar dagger and the corresponding culture comes with the dagger.